Chris Ofili
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Chris Ofili (born 1968), is a Nigerian/British painter best known for artworks incorporating elephant dung since the mid-1990s. Ofili's paintings create collages that make reference to blaxploitation films and gangsta rap, seeking to question racial and sexual stereotypes in a humorous way. “The Holy Virgin Mary” (1998), depicting a black Madonna surrounded by close-ups of female genitalia cut from pornographic magazines and elephant dung, became the object of a lawsuit between the mayor of New York City, Rudy Giuliani, and the Brooklyn Museum of Art. “The Upper Room” (2005) is an installation of 13 paintings of rhesus macaque monkeys. The board of Tate Museum Trustees censured the Tate curators from the purchase of one of the paintings.

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